Argostoli is the island's largest city and is the commercial and administrative center of Kefalonia. Here is the largest harbor of the island and the most crowded place. A single ride is not enough to get to know Argostoli, as the city has many places that deserve your attention and an important commercial centre that will whet your appetite for shopping. The heart of the city beats around the main square and between the paved and Sitemporon street in which they operate many shops, cafes and bars. It is also worth a walk along the coastal road Antonis Tritsis, which is covered with pebbles that create wonderful designs. It is a walk to enjoy at any time of day. It is also ideal for evening walks, especially on moonlit nights. The bay of Argostoli, surrounding it, is one of the safest natural harbors in the world. The city has a rich library, the Korgialeneio. You will also find the Government House, the Archaeological Museum, the Court, the Municipal Theatre and many neoclassical buildings. On the coastal road, you come across the city market with greengrocers and fishermen. In the harbor we see many boats tied up by Greek and foreign visitors as well as the pier, where securely tie cruise ships that give tourism life to neighboring areas. In the central square, we find bakeries, restaurants, cafes, bars and hotels. In the paved street are shops for every need. This is the pedestrian shopping street of the island where you will find several café / bars and snack shops. The cosmopolitan Argostoli is suitable for staying. Here you will find hotels of all categories and rooms to let. The nightlife is intense and satisfying all tastes. A holiday in the wonderful Argostoli will be unforgettable.
Since 1600 it seems to have begun to populate the region near Koutavos and especially from the side which today is the area of the bridge and Sisiotissa. The solution for a new town, which has better specifications as possible, with first the safe harbor, will occur later, when in 1757 is decided to transfer the capital from St. George's Castle nearby Koutavos, where there was a settlement of mostly by fishermen, a seaport of the Castle called Tener della Scala di Cefalonia. Previously the port was there in Koutavos, Porto de la Zephalonia or Porto de l 'Arsenal, in the recess. From 1757 and onwards Argostoli began gradually to grow. When the Ionian Islands passed to the British around 1810, Kefalonia and other Ionian Islands had its own English governor. One of them was De Bosset, who has made many projects in Argostoli and was the creator of Argostoli Bridge The bridge is one kilometer long linking Argostoli to the opposite side of Argostoli bay. The old town of Argostoli was very picturesque, since there were many large buildings with Italian influences in their architecture. The seismic city was characterized by several impressive mansions andpalaces, with Italian influences in the architecture of the houses with Renaissance and Baroque elements. Argostoli was also the second city in Greece that electricity supply arrived. One of the "mysteries" of Argostoli are the sinks "Katavothres", a rare geological phenomenon.
The peninsula of Lassi is located 1 km southwest of Argostoli and is one of the most popular areas of the island. It boasts for its natural beauty, intense nightlife and tourist infrastructure that meet every requirement. You will find restaurants and taverns which you can try the unique flavors of Kefalonia cuisine and recipes from the international cuisine. In Lassi you can visit the Lighthouse of Saint Theodore and the sinks, while you will find two of the most popular and well-organized beaches, Makris Gialos and Platis Gialos.
Skala is the southernmost village of Kefalonia and one of the most well-organized tourist resorts. It is located 30 kilometers from Argostoli. The area is of naturalistic and archaeological interest. Near the picturesque village, are excavated ruins of a Roman villa with impressive mosaics. Also, just two kilometers from the village you will see the ruins of Apollo temple. In the area of Skala is the famous cave Sakkos, in which objects dating from prehistoric times, were found. The port area is the stunning beach. It is a long beach that attracts a large number of bathers and is one of the busiest on the island. There is also the opportunity for water sports. And if you avoid the crowded beaches, small secluded beaches of the region is ideal for you.In Skala, several hotels and apartments for rent operate, which provide to their guests a comfortable accommodation in a peaceful environment.
Sami is the first town one encounters when traveling to Kefalonia by ferry, from Patras, and it is also the main harbor. Surrounded by lush mountains in a bay, Sami in Kefalonia, is a safe harbor and an important stop for many destinations, not only from Greece (Patras, Igoumenitsa, Lobster, Corfu), but also from Italy (Bari - Brindisi). Also in its marina can be accommodated many yachts, since it has all the necessary infrastructure.
On the hill above the city is its ancient history. The excavations continue and bring to light many important discoveries. Ruins of an ancient castle (Paleokastro) and Kyatis ancient Acropolis, where is the monastery of St. Fanenton.
In the area of Sami 17 caves sites have been recorded, which is unique for Greece. The most remarkable and widely known are the, Melissani cave in Karavomylos and Drogarati cave near the village Haliotata.
Sami area became more known worldwide, from the filming of "Captain Corelli's Mandolin" (Nicholas Cage, Penelope Cruz, Irene Papas, etc.) from both the shots in town and the beautiful beaches (beach Sami, Dihalia and Antisamos).
The city has all the services of a modern city that one can have. From Sami you can visit Ithaca, either by boats that organize day-trips daily, or ferry boat. Sami has daily connections to Patras, Ithaca, Lefkada, Astakos - from May to October, as well as with ports in Italy during the summer period. You can use Sami area as your base to see everything on the island.
Sami existed since prehistoric times. The history of Sami starts by Homer, who mentions it as part of the kingdom of the leader of Kefalonia, Ulysses. It is the period during which Kefalonia participated in the Trojan war. In Sami area, traces of organized habitation from this period, have been found. The Vigla hill may have been Mycenaean citadel. The 5th century BC. Kefalonia was divided in fourcities - states : Krani, Sami, Pronnon and Pallis. These cities followed an independent policy. The frequent, hostile relations between them are proved by the powerful classic - Hellenistic Acropolis, testified by the surviving parts of the bimodal important citadel of Sami. The remains of this period show a very well organized and prosperous city. During the 2nd century B.C. Sami attracts the attention of the Romans, due to its strategic position and thus in 189 B.C. campaigned against them in order to occupy the island. From the cities of Kefalonia only Sami decides to change its stance and resist vigorously. The siege lasted for 4 months and was handed over the city in 188 BC,following the transfer of the siege artillery from Amvrakeia! After the looting that followed, the Romans decided to reorganize and use it as a stopover when travelling between Greece and Italy. Several archaeological finds indicate intense building activity. The raids in the 5th and 6th century AD and destructive earthquakes, in combination with other factors, contributed to a gradual decline and final abandonment of the city.
Agia Efimia [Agia Efimia]
St. Efimia is one of the most beautiful seaside villages of Kefalonia, 9 km from Sami and 34 km from the capital, Argostoli. On the way from Sami to Agia Efimia you will see a small rocky hill side from one side and on the other side you will be enjoying the beautiful turquoise color of the sea with countless small bays, where you can leave your car or your bike and enjoy swimming. Pebbles, rocks and white plaques, to the edge of the sea create "smallprivate beaches" magnificent and beautiful, with clear water and blue color dominates in all its shades. St. Efimia has a relatively good layout, quiet streets and lush vegetation - almost all the yards of the houses are full of flowers and colors. The small port of Saint Euphemia is full of yachts and sailboats, every summer, from around the globe. The region is considered to be a cosmopolitan resort. In St. Efimia, you will find everything to make your stay or your passing through more enjoyable. From supermarkets, butchers with fresh local meat, pharmacy, gift shops -souvenirs, traditional bread bakeries as well as several taverns - fish taverns at reasonable prices. For drink and coffee there are cafes and bars overlooking the dozens of moored boats that at night with the lights give them a festive atmosphere in the small harbor. You will also find a bureau for diving for those who want to have a different picture of the island.